Analysis Strategies for Rabies Prevention and Control in China

Jia Li, Leitai Shi, Yunpeng Wang, Shouchun Cao


Objective To analyze the current epidemiological characteristics of rabies in China, grasp the law of epidemic changes, and provide scientific basis for rabies prevention and control strategies in China. Methods The data of human rabies prevention and control in China were systematically collected, combined with the genetic sequences of rabies virus street virus epidemic strains in various provinces of China, and statistical and molecular biological methods were used for statistics and analysis. Results The number of rabies cases and deaths in China has decreased year by year. At present, the main method of human rabies transmission in China is dog injury. Post-exposure treatment showed an increase in the rate of self-treatment, a decline in the overall immunity rate of the vaccine, and an increase in the rate of passive immunity. Human rabies vaccines are currently available to meet vaccination needs. In addition, the immune rates of dogs and cats did not change significantly. The rabies street virus strains in China are mainly divided into 6 species including China Ⅰ-China Ⅵ. Conclusion In terms of infrastructure, it is still necessary to increase the number of primary clinics, improve the professional capabilities of medical staff, and strengthen publicity and education on rabies prevention and treatment. In the areas with high incidence of cases, vaccines similar to street strain should be selected for immunization of human and animal.


Rabies, Prevention and Control

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